Question

If x+y = 1 ,then ∑ r  nCrxryn-requals nx....How??

Joshi sir comment

  ∑ r nCrxryn-r

∑ r nCrxr(1-x)n-r

∑ r n!/r!(n-r)xr(1-x)n-r

= n (n-1)!/(r-1)!(n-r)! xr(1-x)n-r 

= n (n-1)C(r-1) xr(1-x)n-r

= n (n-1)Cxr+1(1-x)n-r-1             let r = r+1

= nx  (n-1)Cxr(1-x)n-r-1 

now solve 

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